Alex : Hey Garry! Can you spin up a VM and test this application?
Garry : Sure, I'll do that right away.
How often do you hear that idiom "spin up a VM" while conversing in IT? It's quite common right? But for anyone who's just starting his career in cloud, it can be quite overwhelming.
So... what the heck are VMs? What technology does it use and what are hypervisors?
Read on to know more👇
As per Wikipedia,
Virtualization is the act of creating a virtual (rather than actual) version of something, including virtual computer hardware platforms, storage devices, and computer network resources.
Or to put it simply, Virtualization means splitting physical resource like memory, CPU and storage into multiple virtual resources.
It's a technology that allows us to utilize a machine's full capacity by distributing it's resources among multiple environments each isolated from one another.
A "Virtual Machine" or "VM" is a
virtual instance of a computer. Just like other computers it has a CPU, memory and storage.
These virtual machines run on a physical computer and a software called "Hypervisor" manages their allocation and access to the computing resources.
Virtual Machine Monitor is a virtualization software which allows one to build and run different VMs. It lets one host computer support multiple guest VMs by sharing its resources like memory and CPU.
Hypervisors are of two types:
- Type-1 Hypervisor
- Type-2 Hypervisor
Type-1 Hypervisor or
Native Hypervisor runs directly on host's hardware and replaces the Host operating system.
As it sits directly on the hardware, it is also called
- It is very commonly used in data centers and other server-based environments due to its high performance.
Higher performance(as it has direct access to the hardware)
No Single point-of-failure
Needs a dedicated machine to administer different VMs and control hardware.
Few of the mostly widely used Type-1 Hypervisors are VMware ESXi, Microsoft Hyper-V and KVM.
Type-2 Hypervisor or
Hosted Hypervisor runs as an application on the top of the Host operating system.
- It is commonly used by people who want to try out different operating systems or want to test their application for compatibility.
Single point of failure
Few of the most widely used Type-2 hypervisors are VirtualBox, VMware Workstation and Parallel Desktop.