The Ops Community ⚙️

Cover image for How to Create and Publish Nuxt Component Library
Nandani Sharma
Nandani Sharma

Posted on • Originally published at

How to Create and Publish Nuxt Component Library

Have you ever come across a situation when you needed the same component in more than one project?

One of the possible ways is to create a reusable component library so you can use these components at multiple places easily.

Nuxt-blog-kit is a component library that includes reusable blog components like Blog Lists, Details, and Author’s blog. You can easily use them by providing your blog data.

You can visit it for a demo.

Nuxt Blog Kit is a Component library built with Nuxt3 and Tailwind.

Nuxt-module is very helpful when creating any type of library in Nuxt. With the power of the Nuxt modules and tailwind CSS, let’s dive into the guide to creating a Nuxt component library.

Create Module

To create a Nuxt module, run the following command,

npx nuxi init -t module <library-name>

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

This command will ask you some questions, answer them based on your preferences and you will have ready to run module. You can see the directory structure of the module is different from the Nuxt project.

directory structure of nuxt module

  • src/runtime: It is the main directory and acts as src of your module. The underlying structure of src/runtime is similar to Nuxt-project. You can add stores, assets, components, and pages inside it.
  • src/module.ts: This is the main door of your module and acts as nuxt.config.js. You can do model configuration inside it.
  • playground: This is used for demo purposes. You can run your code from src using this playground.

Module file

As we have seen, module.ts is the main file of our module. We need to understand its structure.

Below is the default module.ts file,

import { defineNuxtModule, addPlugin, createResolver } from '@nuxt/kit'

// Module options TypeScript interface definition
export interface ModuleOptions {}

export default defineNuxtModule<ModuleOptions>({
  meta: {
    name: 'my-module',
    configKey: 'myModule'
  // Default configuration options of the Nuxt module
  defaults: {},
  setup (options, nuxt) {
    const resolver = createResolver(import.meta.url)

    // Do not add the extension since the `.ts` will be transpiled to `.mjs` after `npm run prepack`
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

As we are building a component library, we need to add different configurations instead of addPlugin.

Nuxt-module has an option like addComponentsDir which will register a directory to be scanned for components and imported only when used.

Components (path: src/runtime/components)

Add the below code at a place of addPlugin,

await addComponentsDir({
      path: resolver.resolve("./runtime/components"), // path of components
      pathPrefix: false, // Prefix component name by its path.
      prefix: "", // Prefix all matched components.
      global: true, // Registers components to be globally available.
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

You can explore more options at next-schema.

Assets (path: src/runtime/assets)

Assets can be images, css/JS, or fonts. You can add them at src/runtime/assets.

Nuxt uses nitro as a server engine. You can configure public assets with nitro for better optimization in your module like the below,

nuxt.hook("nitro:config", async (nitroConfig) => {
      // if not already available, intialize as empty array
      nitroConfig.publicAssets ||= []; 
        dir: resolver.resolve("./runtime/assets"),  // path of assets
        maxAge: 60 * 60 * 24 * 365, // cache assets for 1 year
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

The basic setup is done, let’s configure tailwind css.

To read the full version, please visit this blog.


Creating and publishing a Nuxt component library opens up a world of possibilities for both developers and users.

Throughout this article, we’ve explored the essential steps to create and publish a Nuxt component library, from setting up a Nuxt project to structuring and organizing components to publishing the library for widespread use.

Feedback and suggestions are most welcome, add them in the comments section.

Follow Canopas to get updates on interesting articles!

Keep exploring and innovating!!

Top comments (0)